About Iran

Iran (known as Persia in ancient time) is recognized as the cradle of civilization. Persia was one of the intellectual center of academic knowledge in ancient times and the gathering place for renowned scientists from all civilizations of the ancient world.
The practice and study of medical sciences in Persia has a long and prolific history. The Iranian academic centers like Jundishapur (Gundeshapur) University (3rd century AD) were a breeding ground for the union among scientists from different civilizations. According to historical records, in 550 AD, the world’s first medical conference was held in Ctesiphon upon Sassanid King’s order in which hundreds of physicians from Persia and other countries attended this congress; a historical event that Ferdowsi (Iranian renowned poet) versifies in eternal epic Shahnameh.
Among the torchbearers of ancient Persia’s scientific heritage are Avicenna (known as prince of physicians in west and chief master of all sciences in Muslim world), Muhammad ibn Zakarya Razi( discoverer of alcohol and vitriol) and Abu Nasr Farabi (know as Alpharabius in west) who has greatly contributed to psychology.
The Islamic Republic of Iran is the second largest nation in the Middle East and world’s 17th-most-populous nation. Geographically, Iran is located in Western Asia. It is bordered by Caspian Sea on the north and by Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman on the south.
Tehran is the capital, the country’s largest city and the political, cultural, commercial and industrial center of the nation.
Until recent centuries, Persian (the official language of Iran) was culturally and historically one the most prominent languages of the Middle East and regions beyond.
19 Iranian historical monuments have been registered as UNESCO World Heritage Sites including Persepolis, Pasargadae, Meidan Emam of Isfahan, Golestan Palace of Tehran, and Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex while 49 Iranian properties are submitted on the UNESCO Tentative List.